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st: RE: Proper usage of Macros stored in summarize

From   "Nick Cox" <>
To   <>
Subject   st: RE: Proper usage of Macros stored in summarize
Date   Tue, 2 Dec 2008 18:27:00 -0000

In your first complicated command, p(75) is evidently a typo for r(p75).

In your second complicated command, p(25) is evidently a typo for

I didn't look further. 

There is no gain here, and much fiddly extra typing, in writing e.g.
`r(p75)' rather than r(p75). 

Note that -extremes- from SSC and the -egen- functions -adjl()- and
-adju()- from -egenmore- from SSC already incorporate similar


Thomas Speidel

I am trying to use macros stored in the summarize command to flag 
outliers/influenetial observations if they fall outside of this range:
p25 - 2IQR <= var  <= p75 +2IQR

suppose I try to do this on the weight var from the auto.dta dataset 
(with a little modification):

sysuse auto, clear
set obs 75
replace weight = 8000 in 75
qui: summ  weight, d
gen weight_outlier=1 if (weight>`p(75)'+2*(`r(p75)'-`r(p25)') &
replace weight_outlier=1 if (weight<`p(25)'-2*(`r(p75)'-`r(p25)'))

If I was to do it by hand:
. di 3*2240-2*3670
. di 3*3670-2*2240
gen weight_outlier2=1 if weight>6530 & weight <.

There is something I am doing wrong in the first approach - read: poor 
macro programming :-) - but can't quite grasp what the problem is.

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