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st: R: Survival Analysis Censoring stset

From   "Carlo Lazzaro" <>
To   <>
Subject   st: R: Survival Analysis Censoring stset
Date   Thu, 18 Sep 2008 17:13:53 +0200

Dear Dirk,
as far as your first question is concerned:

- it seems to me that your following statements "time span as 2006 and 2007
without gaps" and "the exact time between year0 and year1" conflate.
Should your analysis start in 2006 (that is, t0)and stop in 2007 (that is,
t1), some companies will have gone to bankruptcy (that is failure=1) and
other will have survived (that is, failure=0). The latter are right-censored
observations, since they might go to bankruptcy (or not) in the future and,
anyhow you will not know, since you have stopped your analysis.
- stset - will automatically account for censored observations.

For further details on this topic, I will recommend you to take a thorough
look at:
 Cleves MA, Gould WG, Gutierrez R. An Introduction To Survival Analysis
Using Stata. 2nd edition. College Station: StataPress, 2006;
[ST] Stata manual. Survival analysis and epidemiological table. Release 9

Two other relevant contributors of the Statalist - Maarten Buis
(  and Stephen Jenkins
published really interesting papers as well as teaching-notes on the topics
you are interested in.

HTH and Kind Regards,


-----Messaggio originale-----
[] Per conto di Dirk Volland
Inviato: giovedý 18 settembre 2008 15.29
Oggetto: st: Survival Analysis Censoring stset


i have to quesitons regarding censoring and how it is handled in
Stata's survival package.

(1) When I have the following data structure:

 id | year0 | year1 | failure

stset with the command

stset year1, id(id) failure(failure)

and year0 and year1 always represents a time span as 2006 and 2007
without gaps. Is this data interval censored just because it is
discrete and the failure event can only be measured at year1 meaning
the exact time between year0 and year1 is not available? Is this
handled by Stata in an appropriate manner?

(2) When I stset data with the command

stset year1, id(id) origin(time founding) enter(time start)

Here founding contains the time when the subject first came at risk
and start contains the time the observation window starts. So in a way
I know when a company was founded, but I want to start analysis in a
certain year. Are these observations still left censored? Is this
handled by Stata?

Thanks for any help,

best wished,


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