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From |
"Eva Poen" <eva.poen@gmail.com> |

To |
Statalist <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu> |

Subject |
Re: st: generating random numbers from a specified list |

Date |
Fri, 15 Aug 2008 17:14:41 +0100 |

Jochen, is your list of numbers equally spaced, in intervals of five? If so, this is quite easy to do. Let's assume your list starts at 10000, has intervals of five and goes to 10500 (101 values). set seed 123 bysort firm (year) : gen random = 10000+round(100*uniform(),1)*5 if _n==1 bysort firm (year) : replace random = random[1] and you are done. If it is not equally spaced, you could just add a row identifier to your second data file (where you keep the list of numbers): gen id = _n sort id save, replace Say you have got 478 numbers in that list. Now you can create an integer random number in the interval [1,478] in your original dataset: set seed 123 bysort firm (year) : gen id = 1+round(477*uniform(),1) if _n==1 bysort firm (year) : replace id = id[1] sort id firm year and then -merge- on your id variable. Make sure you inspect _merge afterwards, since you don't want to keep the observations that only appear in your second data file. Hope this helps, Eva 2008/8/15 Jochen Späth <jochen.spaeth@iaw.edu>: > Dear statalisters, > > trying to build up a new dataset which is (almost) entirely random I'm confronted with the following problem: How can I tell Stata to generate a variable by randomly picking numbers from a (previously) specified list? Here's a minimal example of what I want to do: > > > Data right looks like follows: > > firm year az_ges az_ges_vz > 1000129 1975 15 11 > 1000129 1976 14 11 > 1000129 1977 8 6 > 1000129 1978 26 20 > > 1000530 1993 12 9 > 1000530 1994 29 22 > 1000530 1995 26 20 > 1000530 1996 14 11 > 1000530 1997 18 14 > > and so on, where firm is the cross section identifier and year the time variable. Note that data ist organised in long format. > Now, I'd like to add a variable which contains for each firm a number picked at random from a specified list, f.i. list=(10000,10005,10010, and so on). This "random" number should be the same for firms across years. The list exists already, albeit in a separate data file that can't be merged with the data set at hand because it lacks the identifiers betnr and year. > > Any suggestions? > > Thanks, > > Jochen > > ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- > > Jochen Späth > Dipl.-Volkswirt > Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW) Tübingen > Ob dem Himmelreich 1 > 72074 Tübingen > Tel.: +49-(0)7071-9896-14 > Fax: +49-(0)7071-9896-99 > EMail: jochen.spaeth@iaw.edu > IAW-Homepage: www.iaw.edu * * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**References**:**st: generating random numbers from a specified list***From:*Jochen Späth <jochen.spaeth@iaw.edu>

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