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From |
Philipp Rehm <philipp.rehm@gmx.de> |

To |
statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu |

Subject |
Re: st: Selecting stubnames for -reshape- / macrolists |

Date |
Mon, 30 Jun 2008 20:29:59 +0200 |

.

Thank you very much, Nick. Much appreciated!

This is a very nice solution. I've seen the FAQ you reference (and, as you point out, it doesn't solve my problem exactly. But you program does).

Thanks again,

Philipp

Nick Cox wrote:

This problem is discussed in an FAQ:

FAQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Problems with

reshape

12/03 I am having problems with the reshape command. Can

you give further guidance?

http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/data/reshape3.html

However, what is there does not add much to your discussion.

================= extract from FAQ Question

If I have many variables all occurring in pairs for two years 1997 and

1998, so that the dataset looks like A97, A98, B97, B98, and so on, is

there any easy way to reshape the data to long without typing all the

stub names?

Answer

The variable names are collectively *97 *98, so we need a way of

expanding that list of wildcard names automatically and then removing

the suffix. We can work on either *97 or *98.

-unab- is usually billed as a programmer's command, but it can be used

interactively. It unabbreviates a varlist and puts the result in a local

macro.

. unab vars : *97

Then we zap all the occurrences of the suffix "97":

. local stubs : subinstr local vars "97" "", all

In other words, each occurrence of "97" is replaced by an empty string;

that is, they are removed. See help on -macro-.

Then we can

. reshape long `stubs', options

================================

That said, it is possible to write a program more general than Paul's.

*! NJC 1.0.0 30 June 2008

* collects stubs of form prefix_ from varlist * with names of form prefix_suffix * call by e.g. stubs *_* program stubs version 8.2 syntax varlist foreach v of local varlist { local stub = substr("`v'", 1, strpos("`v'", "_")) if !`: list stub in all' { local all `all' `stub' }

} c_local stubs `all' end

If you run

. stubs *_*

on your example dataset, you'll find a local stubs containing

x_ y_

left behind.

Nick

n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk

Philipp Rehm

.

Thanks, Paul.

You wrote:

"You will want to make sure that if your subscripts all look like _1, _2, _3... that you only use one of them. Grabbing *_* will give the same stubname many times."

Alas, that's exactly my problem. I need to grab *_*, because I don't know which subscripts are present or absent.

(Since this may sound a little strange, let me explain why this is so. I

have a data-set with thousands of variables over a maximum of 40 years or so, in wide format. The problem is that not all variables are present

for all years, which is why I prefer to grab everything and get the stubs from there).

E. Paul Wileyto wrote:

I have the following implemented as an ADO. It is what I use to grab all the name stubs for reshaping. You will want to make sure that if your subscripts all look like _1, _2, _3... that you only use one of them. Grabbing *_* will give the same stubname many times.

Paul

program define namelist

*********************************************************************** ************************************************************************ This short program helps you define a list (global macro vlist) * of variable name roots to aid in scripting and especiallyreshaping.* * Feel free to use wildcards in varlist. Be sure that you are only * generating the same root once. * * The oldsub option describes the common subscript in the the list. * The newsub option describes the truncated subscript to be used in * reshaping. * * For example: Variables rx30a_s1..rx30a_s20 all have the commonroot* rx30a_s, with a numerical subscript for the repetition. To extracta* list of roots for all survey entries, use: * * -namelist rx*_s1, oldsub(_s1) newsub(_s) ************************************************************************ ***********************************************************************syntax varlist, [oldsub(string) newsub(string)] global vlist "`varlist'" if "`oldsub'" > "" & "`newsub'" > "" { global vlist : subinstr local varlist "`oldsub'" "`newsub'" , all } noisily ma list vlist end pr9@duke.edu wrote:. My question is whether there is a clever way to identify thestubnamesfor a -reshape-. Consider this example: sysuse auto, clear foreach j in 1 2 3 4 5 { gen x_`j'=rep78+`j' gen y_`j'=rep78-`j' } drop y_3 gen id=_n keep id x_* y_* /* This data-set contains the following variables which I want to-reshape-:x_1 x_2 x_3 x_4 x_5 y_1 y_2 y_4 y_5 I want to -reshape- by stubnames x_ and y_. In my "real" data-set, I know that all variables I want to end upwithas stubnames contain an underscore (_). They all also do containnumbersafter the underscore, but there is no regular pattern there. Now, I am generating a -macrolist- with unique stubnames, but thisseemslike a detour to me, especially the loop: */ ds *_* foreach v in `r(varlist)' { local f `=regexr("`v'","[0-9]+","")' local n `n' `f' local n: list uniq n } di "*** `n' ****" reshape long `n', i(id) j(foo) Two questions: 1) Is there a better way to identify stubnames for a -reshape-? 2) Is there a more straightforward way to arrive at a uniquemacrolistthan the one I chose? In particular, something like the -regexr()- function, but with the ability to remove all instances (not just the first) of the regular expression. Something like -subinstr()-, butforregular expressions.* * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

* * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**References**:**st: Selecting stubnames for -reshape- / macrolists***From:*"pr9@duke.edu" <pr9@duke.edu>

**Re: st: Selecting stubnames for -reshape- / macrolists***From:*"E. Paul Wileyto" <epw@mail.med.upenn.edu>

**Re: st: Selecting stubnames for -reshape- / macrolists***From:*Philipp Rehm <philipp.rehm@gmx.de>

**RE: st: Selecting stubnames for -reshape- / macrolists***From:*"Nick Cox" <n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk>

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