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Re: st: RE: ST IPW with OLOGIT

From   Steven Samuels <>
Subject   Re: st: RE: ST IPW with OLOGIT
Date   Tue, 8 Apr 2008 11:59:33 -0400

You are quite right, Joseph; thanks for the correction. I missed - glm- in the onscreen help for "svy estimation", because it was listed in the "Linear regression" section.

On Apr 8, 2008, at 11:18 AM, wrote:

You state that the -glm- command does not use survey statistics; ie the
-svy- prefix. I do not believe that this is the case. The survey manual (page 2)
indicates that glm takes -svy-, and I recall using it several times for
various projects. Every attempt has been made to make the -glm- command compatible
with all ML, stepwise, and survey options.

Joseph Hilbe

Date: Mon, 7 Apr 2008 13:31:15 -0400
From: Steven Samuels <>
Subject: Re: st: IPW with OLOGIT


I am not expert in this area. That said, your post is confusing to me.

• I don't see why you want to use -ologit-. The important part of a
treatment selection model is to model the probability of selection
into a treatment group. The outcomes of treatments might be ordered
by treatment, but there is no reason to assume a priori that the
selection probabilities should be ordered by treatment number.

• You state you have a count outcome, but your specification for the -
glm- command is for a binary outcome.

• The -glm- command does not take a -svy- prefix. Try "help
svy_estimation" for a list of commands that will take survey weights
and design factors.

•To use a survey weight, you would need to -svyset- your data after
creating your new weights; then you would need to use the -svy-
prefix for your command.

• Wooldridge's example of treatment selection is for the purpose of
estimating individual population means; then taking the difference
between those means. For that purpose you would need to define three
weights ipw1, ipw2, ipw3 based on p1, p2, and p3. (See help for -
generate-) Run your second regression model three times, each with a
different weight, you would average the predicted values over the
entire sample. The post-estimation command -predictnl- might compute
the difference between means.

• Wooldridge's method would estimate a difference between
populations means unadjusted for covariates. Is this what you want?

• Apparently Wooldridge's doubly-robust variance-matrices take into
account variability due to computing the propensity scores, although
I don't quite follow the argument . You could also bootstrap or
jackknife the entire process. As sums are over the entire sample,
then an estimated contrast in means is an average of the contrast in
the predicted values of individual predictions.

• As you have the same variables ("$var") on the right hand side of
your treatment and outcome equations, I don't see a need for the IPW model
at all.

- -Steven

I am trying to adjust for selection on observables using propensity
scores as inverse probability weights (ipw), following Wooldridge
Estimation for General Missing Data Problems"). My dataset has a
complex survey design with survey weights (svywt), and I want to
for selection bias of an ordered treatment (t1,t2,t3) on a count
outcome. Can someone help me with the Stata code to compute the IPW
using the predicted probabilities as propensity scores? I want to
compute IPW by multiplying the survey weight*(1/propensity score),
following Zanutto et al. (2005).

ologit t_cat $var
predict p1 p2 p3

/*Here's where I need help*/
ipw=svywt*[1/p1 ...]

glm depvar $var t2 t3 [pweight=ipw], fam(bin) link(logit) irls robust

Thanks in advance,

Michael F. Furukawa, PhD
Assistant  Professor
Health Management and Policy
W. P. Carey School of  Business
Arizona State University
(480)  965-2363

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