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R: st: RE: Difference between codebook and count


From   "Carlo Lazzaro" <carlo.lazzaro@tin.it>
To   <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Subject   R: st: RE: Difference between codebook and count
Date   Fri, 13 Jul 2007 15:00:12 +0200

Dear David,

thanks a lot for Your Kind and helpful hint.

Kind Regards,

Carlo

-----Messaggio originale-----
Da: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
[mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] Per conto di David Kantor
Inviato: venerd́ 13 luglio 2007 12.59
A: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Oggetto: Re: st: RE: Difference between codebook and count

At 05:54 AM 7/13/2007, Maarten Buis wrote:
>--- Carlo Lazzaro wrote:
> >  I have experienced the following problem (please, see details 
> below) with .2
> > value, which is reported with codebook but seemingly ignored with count.
> > . codebook dosea1
> > 
>
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > dosea1
> > (unlabeled)
> > 
>
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> >                 type:  numeric (float)
> >
> >                 range:  [.2,1]                       units:  .1
><snip>
> >
> >. count if dosea1==.2
> >    0
>
>This is a due to the fact that computers and Stata count in base-2 
>and we count
>in base-10 numbers. The number .2 (base-10) cannot be held exactly in
base-2.
[...]
You then gave an example using -round-.

But the important issue is that calculations are done in double, 
while the storage type of dosea1 is float. That is, in -count if 
dosea1==.2-, the .2 is evaluated as a double, and is compared to 
dosea1, which is a float. If you had generated and stored dosea1 as 
double, then the apparent paradox would not occur. But storing such 
numbers as double is usually not necessary and can waste space. Given 
that is is a float, the appropriated test is...
count if dosea1 == float(.2)

See -help float-.

hth
--David

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