# Re: st: test the error term is uncorrelated with the explanatory variables

 From "Clive Nicholas" To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: test the error term is uncorrelated with the explanatory variables Date Tue, 8 May 2007 23:14:33 +0100

```On 08/05/07, ncdcta00@uniroma2.it <ncdcta00@uniroma2.it> wrote:

```
```Dear Statalist, I simple question, if I want test this hypothesis
E(ui|xi, ai)=0 wich test I use?
ai is individual effects, because I have a panel data and x is
exogenous explanatory variable
thanks a lot for your help
```
```I don't think any panel model can give you this, because the unit
(a_i) effects are 'differenced away', and hence are unobservable. The
-xtreg- routines offers you something close to what you want. An
example:

. webuse grunfeld

. tsset company year
panel variable:  company (strongly balanced)
time variable:  year, 1935 to 1954

. xtreg invest mvalue kstock time, i(company) fe

Fixed-effects (within) regression               Number of obs      =       200
Group variable (i): company                     Number of groups   =        10

R-sq:  within  = 0.7786                         Obs per group: min =        20
between = 0.8108                                        avg =      20.0
overall = 0.8010                                        max =        20

F(3,187)           =    219.16
corr(u_i, Xb)  = -0.2367                        Prob > F           =    0.0000

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
invest |      Coef.   Std. Err.      t    P>|t|     [95% Conf. Interval]
-------------+----------------------------------------------------------------
mvalue |   .1107207   .0115852     9.56   0.000     .0878662    .1335751
kstock |   .3535765   .0218494    16.18   0.000     .3104735    .3966795
time |  -2.664218    .843852    -3.16   0.002    -4.328911   -.9995244
_cons |  -43.42509   13.09867    -3.32   0.001    -69.26524   -17.58495
-------------+----------------------------------------------------------------
sigma_u |   89.64192
sigma_e |  51.552705
rho |  .75146422   (fraction of variance due to u_i)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
F test that all u_i=0:     F(9, 187) =    52.51              Prob > F = 0.0000

Here, our diagnostic of interest does _not_ equal zero. One thing that
would be nice to have here is a p-statistic. But, then, not everybody
is mustard-keen on significance tests!

--
HTH,
Clive Nicholas
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