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RE: st: Box graph question
I've polished this up a little so that it is now
a do file that takes arguments.
Much of the point of this would be lost, on this
occasion, if it were generalised into a program
with its own help file and detailed syntax.
Rather, what value it may have, it seems to me,
is largely in showing that you can come up with your own
design for a different graph which can be implemented
using -statsby- (on this occasion) and various
parts of -twoway-.
A public communication by Vince Wiggins at the
2006 Boston users' meeting underlined the value
of -statsby- as a basis for graphing summary
This script has lots of limitations (e.g. no
support for -if- and -in-, stuff wired in
that you might not like, e.g. the colour red,
etc., no -saving()- option).
The aim is to give a script that anyone who
likes can examine and hack around to taste
without too many inhibitions that they are
not a Stata programmer, etc.
// box-box plot: outer box range with mean bar
// inner box mean +/- k sd (k defaults to 1)
// two or three arguments: y byvar [k]
// examples: do boxbox mpg rep78
// ru boxbox mpg rep78 0.6745
// NJC 1 Nov 2006
// Rodrigo Alfaro: original suggestion
// Maarten Buis, Scott Merryman, Vince Wiggins: comments
args y byvar k
if "`byvar'" == "" error 198
if "`k'" == "" local k = 1
local Y `"`: variable label `y''"'
if `"`Y'"' == "" local Y "`y'"
tempvar mean max min sd meanpsd meanmsd
qui statsby "su `y'" `mean'=r(mean) `max'=r(max) `min'=r(min) ///
gen `meanpsd' = `mean' + `k' * `sd'
gen `meanmsd' = `mean' - `k' * `sd'
local stuff = cond(`k' == 1, "sd", "`k' sd")
// the -scatter- does nothing distinctive, but is there to allow
// optional easy edit to use -line- or -connected- instead
twoway scatter `mean' `byvar' || ///
rbar `mean' `max' `byvar', bcolor(none) barw(0.2) || ///
rbar `mean' `min' `byvar', bcolor(none) barw(0.2) || ///
rbar `meanmsd' `meanpsd' `byvar', barw(0.1) bcolor(red) ///
legend(off) ytitle(`"`Y'"') yla(, ang(h)) ///
note("red bars: mean +/- `stuff'; empty bars: min, mean, max")
<this, that and the other>
Rodrigo A. Alfaro <email@example.com>
> I am not graphic at all. I cannot find a simple solution for
> my problem.
> Probably the answer is simple, but I need help to find it. I
> want to create
> a box graph with a line connecting the means (not the
> medians), but the
> boxes have to cover the range (not the IQR)... also with
> boxes covering
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