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Re: st: Files left open in Mata

From   "Raphael Fraser" <>
Subject   Re: st: Files left open in Mata
Date   Thu, 19 Oct 2006 12:22:30 -0500

I wonder if anyone mentioned in the SPSS vs. Stata discussion how
often the developers >answer questions from users and, hold on to your
chair, say they will wait for user >opinions before they do anything.

I don't think anyone did.But then, the students wouldn't be able to
appreciate Mata just yet. The truth is I would purchase Stata just to
use Mata. I recently start using it and I'm developing quiet a
relationship with it. I think it likes me. And we communicate so well
with each other. Communication is key.

On 10/19/06, German Rodriguez <> wrote:
Many thanks to Bill Gould for his prompt and helpful reply regarding files
left open by Mata after an error.

The -closeallfiles- workaround is good enough for me. I had looked for a
closeall command in Mata with no luck. I thought I couldn't use fclose()
because the file handle was local to a function, but now I learned that
handles are small integers and one can loop to close them all. (I take it
Bill's code assumes one hasn't opened more than 51 files. My workaround was
to open another file instead of exiting Stata, but even then I never got as
far as 50 :)

In terms of changes to Mata, I can understand why closing all files on error
might be irritating if you are writing code and opening files interactively,
although I wonder how often mere mortals do that. Bill's alternative
suggestion that -mata clear- should close all open files is excellent; it
seems so natural you'd think it would do that already. Having to reload code
is not an inconvenience at all, it hardly takes any time.

Going off thread for a second, I wonder if anyone mentioned in the SPSS vs.
Stata discussion how often the developers answer questions from users and,
hold on to your chair, say they will wait for user opinions before they do
anything. Priceless!


-----Original Message-----
[] On Behalf Of William Gould,
Sent: Thursday, October 19, 2006 10:32 AM
Subject: Re: st: Files left open in Mata

German Rodriguez <grodri@Princeton.EDU> complains that Mata leaves open
files opened by -_fopen()- after an error and helpfully provided a
program to create the condition and demonstrate the problem.

The situation is this:  Somewhere in a program, German executes

                fh = fopen("locked.txt", "w")

and then later in the program there is an error.  German fixes the
mistake and reruns the program, but before he does that, he remembers
that he needs to erase locked.txt.  He discovers he cannot erase the
files because the file was never closed!  In desperation, German is
forced to -exit- and restart Stata, and that solves the problem.

I have a better solution:

        -------------------------------- closeallfiles.ado ---
        program closeallfiles
                version 9

                forvalues i=0(1)50 {
                        capture mata: fclose(`i')
        -------------------------------- closeallfiles.ado ---

Rather than exit Stata to close the open files, from the Stata prompt,

        . closeallfiles

More details

-closeallfiles- is more a workaround than a solution.

What German discovered is a bug, but I'm unsure how best to fix it.

Closing all the open files is easy.  The question is, when should they
be closed?

In an earlier version of Mata, Mata did close all open files on error, but
removed the feature because we found it irritating when working with Mata
interactively.  If we made the tiniest mistake, the files we had opened
would be closed and we would have to start all over again.  I admit it is
unlikely that anyone else would be working with -fopen()- and -fclose()-
interactively, bug it is possible.

For that reason, I do not suggest that all open files be closed on error,
although that is a possibility.

Instead, I suggest -mata clear- should close all open files.

-mata clear- is one of Mata's interpretive commands,

        : mata clear

and it clears Mata.  -mata clear- is called by Stata's -clear- command,

        . clear

If we changed -mata clear-, then when German ran into his debugging
situation, he could clear rather than exiting and restarting Stata.
German would have to reload his programs, but I assume that they are
in a do-file and that would not be a problem.

I am open to other suggestions.

I will do nothing until German offers his opinion.

-- Bill
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Raphael A. Fraser, MSc
Assistant Lecturer in Biostatistics
Sickle Cell Unit
Tropical Medicine Research Institute
Faculty of Medical Sciences
University of the West Indies

Tel:  (876) 927-2471; 410-4699
Fax: (876) 927-2984

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