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st: Partial Least Squares

From   "Silwood, Christopher J" <>
To   <>
Subject   st: Partial Least Squares
Date   Tue, 17 Oct 2006 13:02:00 +0100

I have a query concerning the various uses of partial least squares.
In fact I have quite a few queries! I use spectroscopy to analyse
chemical compounds generated from cooking oils upon heating. I have a
large data set comprising samples taken from 6 different oils at three
timepoints and for both control samples and those for the oils treated
with 4 different materials before heating (i.e. 6 oils, 5 treatments
and 3 timepoints). To my relatively untrained eyes there would appear
to be a range of tests that could be applied (and please tell me if I
am way off the mark here): 
(a) correlation of category of membership (X matrix) with either the
spectra themselves or spectra-derived compound concentrations (Y
matrix; I assume that this sort of category description is not
appropriate for PLS-DA whereby membership constitutes the Y matrix
instead), i.e. this would be an inverse regression; what contrast
coefficients should I use for matrices combining time and material or
time, material and oil; do I in fact exclude one set of category
membership dummy variable columns as in more typical regression
analyses? Is the use of Q2 and R2 values and 70/30 training/validation
sets appropriate in this sort of analysis?);
(b) spectra (X matrix) versus %fatty acid distribution or generated
compound concentrations (Y matrix, both are easily obtained from
spectra for the calibration set) whereby I could compare PLS1 levels
obtained from individual levels with those derived simultaneously
(PLS2) from the whole lot;
(c) a PLS-DA analysis of spectral data (X matrix) versus class
membership based on, e.g. acceptable limits for safe ingestible levels
of generated compound (Y matrix), i.e. toxic ("1") or non-toxic ("0"),
again do I exclude one of these category membership columns?).

Many thanks if you can help!

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