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st: RE: why not %#.#p format?


From   "Nick Cox" <n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk>
To   <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Subject   st: RE: why not %#.#p format?
Date   Thu, 5 Oct 2006 17:16:37 +0100

I proposed something like this to Bill Gould a while 
ago. Evidently I wasn't persuasive. In such matters
it can be difficult to decide whether my idea was 
not that good, or Bill was being stubborn, or both, 
but usually it's the first of these. Or so I now
think in this case. 

Dividing up some of the possibilities, a format with
an extra percent sign for a numeric variable would mean
that "%" appeared after (e.g.) every value in a -list-. 
I find it a little difficult to believe that anyone 
really wants this, but a work-around is to create 
a string variable, with the recipe 

gen strvar = string(numvar) + "%" 

which can be formatted to desired precision using an additional 
-format()- argument inside -string()-. (Putting 
a "%" sign in a row or column header, e.g., 
evidently, is not a matter of variable formats.) 

Showing something that is a proportion on 
a percent scale can be done 
easily on the fly with -display-. Consider 

.  local p 0.42

. di %3.0f 100 * `p' "%"
 42%

Finally, suppose that you have a variable
on a zero-one scale, but you want a graph 
to show percents. Apart from the obvious 
solution, multiply by 100, another way 
to tackle this is with -mylabels- from SSC. 

. sysuse auto, clear 

. gen foo = uniform()

. scatter foo mpg

. mylabels 0(10)100, myscale(@/100) local(labels)
0 "0" .1 "10" .2 "20" .3 "30" .4 "40" .5 "50" .6 "60" .7 "70" .8 "80" .9 "90" 1 "100"

. scatter foo mpg, yla(`labels')

What -mylabels- does is produce a macro containing the axis values and the 
labels (text) to be shown at those positions. 

Of course, you can type out such labels directly, but -mylabels- 
is an alternative, particularly when you want automation. 

In short, I don't think this is needed that much, but 
there are one-line work-arounds for all the cases I can 
think of. 

Nick 
n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk 

Jeph Herrin
 
> Once again I find myself wondering what the logical or other
> barriers are to Stata supporting a "percentage" format type.
> 
> I often have variables that are percentages, but to display
> or graph them I have to create a second variable = pctvar*100
> and put a "%" in the display statement. How much more elegant
> if I could simply, eg,
> 
>   format pctvar %6.1p
> 
> and know that this variable will be displayed as 100x the contents
> with a trailing "%" (one of the 6 chars of course). It seems like
> a fairly modest variation on the %#.#e format; is there some obvious
> logical or technical barrier to this? Or maybe there's a trick I
> don't know for producing this?
> 
> Apologies if this has come up before, I searched the archives with
> no luck.

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