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# Re: st: Inconsistent Result of generating variables

 From "Jitian Sheu" To Subject Re: st: Inconsistent Result of generating variables Date Fri, 9 Apr 2004 21:22:31 -0400

```Hello, Thank you very much.
Based on your explaination, I try to use: (`b21')^2 instead of using
`b21'^2.
Stata creates the same results.

thanks again.

Jitian
----- Original Message -----
From: "Richard Williams" <Richard.A.Williams.5@nd.edu>
To: <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>; <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Sent: Friday, April 09, 2004 7:26 PM
Subject: Re: st: Inconsistent Result of generating variables

> At 05:12 PM 4/9/2004 -0400, Jitian Sheu wrote:
> >Hello, listers:
> >
> >I am not sure whether it is a bug in Stata?
> >
> >Before going on, I will like to post my code first, then that would be
> >easier to explain:
> >
> >local b01=0.02
> >
> >local b11=0.3
> >
> >local b21=-0.25
> >
> >gen
tmptau1=emusq1+`b01'^2+(`b11'^2)*(x1^2)+(`b21'^2)*(x1^4)-2*`b01'*emu1-2*
> >/*
>
> Those are complicated expressions!  But the problem, I believe, is that
b21
> is a negative number.  There is a FAQ on this somewhere, but I don't
recall
> where it is.  Basically, in the b21 part of the expression above, what you
> probably want is
>
> -.25^2 * x1^4 = (-.25)^2 * x1 ^ 4 = .0625 * x1 ^ 4
>
> but what Stata is giving you is
>
> -(.25^2) * x1^4 = -.0625 * x1^4
>
> i.e. you are subtracting when you want to add, hence your first measure
> always winds up smaller than your second (even when they appear the same,
> they are different several decimal places down).
>
> To fix this, in the above line, put another set of parentheses around
> 'b21', i.e. make it
>
> >gen
tmptau1=emusq1+`b01'^2+(`b11'^2)*(x1^2)+((`b21')^2)*(x1^4)-2*`b01'*emu1-2*
>
> When I do that, I get
>
> . list tmptau1 tmptau1_alt
>
>       +---------------------+
>       |  tmptau1   tmptau~t |
>       |---------------------|
>    1. | .8692592   .8692592 |
>    2. | .2181771   .2181771 |
>    3. | .2075188   .2075188 |
>    4. | .1309747   .1309747 |
>    5. | .6345458   .6345458 |
>       |---------------------|
>    6. | .4080512   .4080512 |
>    7. | .2966675   .2966675 |
>    8. | .3682937   .3682937 |
>    9. | .0604092   .0604092 |
>   10. | .9241688   .9241688 |
>       +---------------------+
>
> Incidentally, Stata is doing it right; exponentiation gets done before
> subtraction.  e.g. if I punch in 3 - 4^2 on my calculator, I get -13, not
> 19. If I punch in 3 + (-4)^2, I get 19. But, it is easy to get confused
about!
>
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>

*
*   For searches and help try:
*   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html
*   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
*   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
```

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