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st: Cluster sampling at a college


From   Daniel Chandler <dwchandl@humboldt1.com>
To   StataList <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Subject   st: Cluster sampling at a college
Date   Tue, 23 Dec 2003 10:07:59 -0800

Levy and Lemeshow use Stata examples in their text Sampling of Populations. I am unclear whether in my situation the code they supply is applicable.

For a health risk survey I am planning to sample the population of students in an entire college by sampling classrooms (clusters). All students in each selected classroom would fill out the form. Students who fill out the form are given a token so that if another of their classes is sampled they would not submit another form. (In some large freshman classes there could be quite a lot of overlap.)

This appears to be a simple one-stage cluster sample. The clusters are the classrooms (minus those already surveyed) and their identifiers are are entered as the PSU. The pweight is the total number of classes divided by the number of sampled classes, entered for each case. The FPC would be the the number of total classes in the sampling frame.

My concern is that the standard errors would be very large. Levy and Lemeshow suggest sampling proportional to size as a way of dealing with large standard errors, but only discuss cases where the same sample size is identical in each cluster (which does not fit my situation). So my first question is whether "sampling proportional to size" can be (or needs to be) adapted to this situation.

Another way of dealing with large standard errors would be to stratify by class size--but because of the duplication of students in different classes I do not have an accurate picture of the "real" class size (minus duplicates).

Any suggestions would be welcome, especially if you have dealt with the same situation (which I think must be common).

Dan Chandler


******
Dan Chandler, Ph.D.
436 Old Wagon Road
Trinidad, CA 95570
707 677 0895 (fax or phone)

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