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From |
Christopher F Baum <baum@bc.edu> |

To |
statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu |

Subject |
st: if-then-else |

Date |
Wed, 17 Dec 2003 23:12:11 -0500 |

> In SPSS, I could do something like

>

> DO IF X1 = 1 and X2 = 3

> Compute Y = 3.

> ELSE IF X3 = 2 and X4 = 17

> Compute Y = 4.

> ELSE

> Compute Y = 5.

> END IF.

Although Richard's point--that most programming languages contain an if-then-else structure--this example shows one of the potential confusions of that structure. What if (x1/x4) = (1,3,2,17) ? In this example, that will yield y=4; the order of the if-else clauses matters. Perhaps this is not very likely to be a realistic application of if-then-else--more likely that the conditions are mutually exclusive--but whether one programs this as if-then-else or, as in Stata, as successive 'replace if' statements, the ordering of these evaluations matters.

And for an obtuse solution:

. g c1=3*(x1==1 & x2==3)

. g c2=4*(x3==2 & x4==17)

. g y= cond(max(c1,c2),max(c1,c2),5)

. list x1-x4 y

+-----------------------+

| x1 x2 x3 x4 y |

|-----------------------|

1. | 1 3 0 0 3 |

2. | 0 0 2 17 4 |

3. | 1 2 3 4 5 |

4. | 1 3 2 17 4 |

5. | 1 2 3 4 5 |

+-----------------------+

Kit

**Follow-Ups**:**Re: st: if-then-else***From:*Richard Williams <Richard.A.Williams.5@nd.edu>

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