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From |
"Nick Cox" <n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk> |

To |
<statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu> |

Subject |
st: RE: error bars on bar plots |

Date |
Mon, 30 Jun 2003 14:43:13 +0100 |

Stephen McKay > I'm no expert but isn't > > twoway bar mean xcatvar || rcap upper lower xcatvar > > most of what you need? Overlaying a bar plot with capped spikes. > Stephen is quite correct. As I pointed out in a previous thread earlier in the month started by Buzz Burhans: > It so happens that Stata's been a bit laggard on producing > wrapper commands for plots showing error bars. > I doubt there's any policy there. > However, having implemented various high- > level commands in one way does inhibit twisting > them in a different direction. -graph bar- > for example is basically built around a -collapse- > of the data. Building something else major on top of > that, such as machinery for adding confidence > intervals generally, would be, I guess, rather tricky. My posting then focused on my criticisms of a certain kind of error bar plot, and Buzz's reply focused on his reaction to that critique. I don't think either of us convinced the other. However, what is said above for -graph bar- does not inhibit building something based on -graph twoway bar-, and you can try your own wrapper command. Here is a "no holds barred" (no bars held?) plot, error bars on top of thicker bars. You have to supply 1. bar height variable 2. upper error bar position variable 3. lower error bar position variable 4. other axis variable *! NJC 1.0.0 30jun2003 program baronbar version 8 syntax varlist(min=4 max=4) [if] [in] [, /// HORizontal VERTical base(str) BARWidth(str) /// BSTYle(str) BColor(str) BFColor(str) /// BLSTYle(str) BLColor(str) BLWidth(str) /// BLPattern(str) plot(str asis) * /// ] tokenize `varlist' args height upper lower groupvar local yttl : var label `height' if `"`yttl'"' == "" local yttl `height' if `"`plot'"' == "" local legend legend(nodraw) foreach o in /// base barwidth bstyle bcolor bfcolor /// blstyle blcolor blwidth blpattern { if `"``o''"' != "" local baropts "`baropts' `o'(``o'')" } graph twoway /// (bar `height' `groupvar' /// `if' `in', /// ytitle(`"`yttl'"') /// `horizontal' /// `vertical' /// `baropts' /// ) /// (rcap `upper' `lower' `groupvar' /// `if' `in', /// `horizontal' /// `vertical' /// `legend' /// `options' /// ) /// || `plot' /// // blank end For example, sysuse auto, clear egen mean = mean(mpg), by(rep78) egen n = count(mpg), by(rep78) egen sd = sd(mpg), by(rep78) gen upper = mean + invttail(n-1,0.025) * sd / sqrt(n) gen lower = mean - invttail(n-1,0.025) * sd / sqrt(n) baronbar mean upper lower rep78 , barw(0.4) bstyle(ci) Nick n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk * * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**Follow-Ups**:**st: graphics, generally; also, error bars***From:*Buzz Burhans <wsb2@cornell.edu>

**References**:**st: error bars on bar plots***From:*Stephen McKay <S.McKay@bristol.ac.uk>

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