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From |
khigbee@stata.com |

To |
statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu |

Subject |
Re: st: Adjust command |

Date |
Fri, 18 Apr 2003 13:02:33 -0500 |

Ricardo Ovaldia <ovaldia@yahoo.com> asks: > I have two questions about -adjust- after -regress-. > First, under what circumstances should the -by()- > variable be included or not included in the regression > model. ( I get different adjust outputs), The answer depends on what question you are trying to ask of your data and regression model. The adjust output will vary depending on what you do, as it should. The way I would approach it is to first think of the appropriate regression model and run it. Then think about what kinds of summaries you wish to obtain from that model (i.e., what question are you trying to answer). This is what guides how -adjust- should be used. > Second, according to the help file, the -se- option is > "equivalent to the stdp option of predict". Therefore, > I should be able to get what -adjust- reports using > -predict-, but I can't. Using the auto data and these > commands: > > qui regress price mpg foreign > predict yhat > predict se, stdp > adjust , by( foreign) se > by foreign, sort:sum yhat se > > I get that mean(yhat)= adjusted(mean) as expected, but > I can't get the adjusted(se). What am I missing? Try the following experiment to understand what Stata's -adjust- command is presenting in it's table. Using the auto dataset as the example, . sysuse auto . regress price mpg foreign Now add two observations to the bottom of the dataset . set obs 76 And set foreign to 0 and 1 in the last two obs. . replace foreign = 0 in 75 . replace foreign = 1 in 76 And set mpg to the mean of mpg in the last two obs when foreign is 0 or 1 respectively. . summarize mpg if foreign==0 in 1/74 . replace mpg = r(mean) in 75 . summarize mpg if foreign==1 in 1/74 . replace mpg = r(mean) in 76 Now run your predicts . predict xb . predict se, stdp And look at what it produced in the last two obs. . list foreign mpg xb se in 75/76 +------------------------------------------+ | foreign mpg yhat se | |------------------------------------------| 75. | Domestic 19.8269 6072.423 350.979 | 76. | Foreign 24.7727 6384.682 539.5994 | +------------------------------------------+ And then compare that with what -adjust- produced. . adjust in 1/74 , by(foreign) se ---------------------------------------------------------- Dependent variable: price Command: regress Variable left as is: mpg ---------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------- Car type | xb stdp ----------+----------------------- Domestic | 6072.42 (350.979) Foreign | 6384.68 (539.599) ---------------------------------- Key: xb = Linear Prediction stdp = Standard Error The reason why what you did was not equivalent for the stdp, was that the mean of the stdp is not necessarily the same as the stdp evaluated at the mean. Ken Higbee khigbee@stata.com StataCorp 1-800-STATAPC * * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**Follow-Ups**:**Re: st: Adjust command***From:*Ricardo Ovaldia <ovaldia@yahoo.com>

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